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Cristina Romero-López   Ms.  Post Doctoral Researcher 
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Cristina Romero-López published an article in October 2018.
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Article 2 Reads 2 Citations The HCV genome domains 5BSL3.1 and 5BSL3.3 act as managers of translation Cristina Romero-López, Pablo Ríos-Marco, Beatriz Berzal-Herr... Published: 31 October 2018
Scientific Reports, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-34422-7
DOI See at publisher website PubMed View at PubMed ABS Show/hide abstract
The RNA genome of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) encodes a single open reading frame (ORF) containing numerous functional elements. Among these, the cis-acting replication element (CRE) at the 3′ end of the viral ORF, has become of increasing interest given its dual role as a viral translation repressor and replication enhancer. Long-range RNA-RNA contacts mediated by the CRE build the structural scaffold required for its proper functioning. The recruitment of different cellular factors, many related to the functioning of the translation machinery, might aid in the CRE-exerted downregulation of viral translation. The present data show that the CRE promotes a defect in polysome production, and hinders the assembly of the 80S complex, likely through the direct, high affinity recruitment of the 40S ribosomal subunit. This interaction involves the highly conserved 5BSL3.1 and 5BSL3.3 domains of the CRE, and is strictly dependent on RNA-protein contacts, particularly with the ribosomal proteins RPSA and RPS29. These observations support a model in which the CRE-mediated inhibition of viral translation is a multifactorial process defined by the establishment of long-range RNA-RNA interactions between the 5′ and 3′ ends of the viral genome, the sequestration of the 40S subunit by the CRE, and the subsequent stalling of polysome elongation at the 3′ end of the ORF, all governed by the highly stable hairpin domains 5BSL3.1 and 5BSL3.3. The present data thus suggest a new managerial role in HCV translation for these 5BSL3.1 and 5BSL3.3 domains.